History Of Black Art In Miami

History of Art Of Black
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By: Gene Tinnie

Perhaps the best way to understand and appreciate the Art of Black Miami, and its particular historical, social, cultural, and even spiritual significance is to do so by inserting a comma into that title, as a way of recognizing that there are actually two very interesting stories here.

There is, on the one hand, the implicit recognition that there is a unique phenomenon or aesthetic which can be called “The Art of Black,” or Black Art, the Art of Blackness, the Art of Black people, the Art of Being Black, or, more simply and comprehensively, the Art of the African World (Africa and the global Diaspora).

On the other hand, there is also the particular story of this unique cultural presence in Miami, Florida’s remarkable mushrooming visual arts scene, and especially during that heady week of early December when art lovers and collectors from around the world converge on this subtropical city to experience what promises to be the latest and best of what the Art World has to offer.

These two stories can be said to represent two interactive perspectives, one from the inside looking out – that of the actual art producers and their purpose in being such, and one from the outside looking in – that of the viewers, appreciators, and the “business of art.”

Yet, for all of its potential, the meeting of these two cultural experiences has been slow to come to fruition during the evolution of the annual frenzy of Art Basel Week, when the Black presence, and interest in it, appeared to be very limited at best, but, after repeated crossings, it is now fair to say that a palpable sense of steady progress and reciprocal benefit can be discerned.

What we are witnessing from these two perspectives is a dual drama: of increasing inclusion of Black art and artists in world-class settings (essentially one more iteration of the continuing struggle for equality and justice on the art and culture front), and at the same time a substantial enhancement of Miami’s art scene on the world stage by presenting an artistic idiom which brings something very unique and substantial to the trading table.

Although long maligned, discredited, and dismissed within the U.S. for all of the well-known historic and political reasons, Black art and culture has an almost equally long history of broad global appreciation, acclaim, and support, a factor of no small significance to the success of this annual international celebration of creativity.

Perhaps the most emblematic expression of this burgeoning symbiosis came in the year that the grand entrance to the Art Basel festival at Miami Beach Convention Center was through a dramatic monumental archway lined with works by Miami’s arguably most unique artist, the late, uber-prolific “outsider” painter Purvis Young. Welcome, art lovers of the world, to Miami, via an original visual art experience unlike any anywhere else on earth, which happens to be of homegrown African American origin; now you are fully prepared to appreciate all the rest of what the Art Basel experience promises.

From the “art business” perspective, this bold gesture also embodied the aspirational effect of heightening the monetary value of Purvis’s works for those who had the astute sense to invest in them (and, by implication, calling attention to other Miami African World artists). It is equally significant that the primary motives for Purvis’s creations, in his unique trademark style, were quite at the polar opposite from monetary profit-making, much of their appeal to the world marketplace.

Purvis Young was quintessentially representative of a key aspect of the phenomenon we know as African World Art, and the whole spectrum of producers, from his fellow self-taught “outsider” and “folk” artists to the most sophisticated, academically trained practitioners.

It is not surprising, and important to acknowledge that the foundations of Black Art production today are rooted in ancient and timeless African Ancestral traditions and purposes. Those traditions typically did not even have a distinct word for “art,” because creativity is so integral to, and inseparable from all of life’s activities, inclusive of ancestors and future generations, serving to awaken our place in the universe.

That idea is probably most familiar to us today in the African American classical music form known as “jazz,” or its sacred counterpart of gospel music. Those genres' technical mastery and openness to “feel the spirit,” helps the ever-growing Cultural Heritage tourism sector to make Jazz concerts and Black church services quasi-obligatory on tours of the U.S. by foreign visitors, as the most authentic of American experiences to be had.

It is equally important to note that, far from being simply forced responses or reactions to slavery and oppression, although that is an important dimension not to be ignored, it is primarily the proactive, positive, life-affirming qualities of artistic expression that has earned “The Art of Black,” as it might collectively be called, the near-universal genuine appeal, influence, and appreciation that it has come to command on a global scale.

In light of all of this, we are all the more appreciative of the opportunity to bring “The Art of Black” to higher awareness, and profitability, than ever before, to Miami residents and visitors alike, particularly in four highlighted venues:

Amadlozi Gallery, at the African Heritage Cultural Arts Center, on Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard (NW 62nd Street) at NW 22nd Avenue (official address: 6161 NW 22nd Ave., Miami, FL 33142.

KROMA Art Gallery, located near the historic birthplace of the Black Arts Movement in Miami, at in Coconut Grove, at 3560 Grand Avenue, Miami, FL 33133, near Douglas Rd. (SW 37th Ave.)

Little Haiti Cultural Center, 212-260 NE 59th Terrace, Miami, FL 33137.

The ARC (Arts & Recreation Center), 676 Ali Baba Avenue, Miami, FL 33054, in the heart of historic downtown Opa-Locka - a rapidly emerging inspired art venue which has featured numerous world-class artists and authorities.

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